Was victory inevitable for Cromwell and his Parliamentarians?

Civil War raged for nine years in England, but was concluded in 1651 and resulted in the Parliamentarians beating the Royalists. But why were the Parliamentarians successful? Was their victory inevitable?

You can download the worksheet here. If you are unable to download the worksheet, complete the questions as outlined in the yellow boxes below.

KEY WORDS:
Inevitable = Something that is definitely going to happen.

STARTER: Who were the following?
Look at the list of people below. Who were they, and what role did they have in the Civil War?
King Charles I =
Oliver Cromwell =
Cavaliers =
Roundheads =

TASK ONE: Why do people win wars?

Throughout history, wars between peoples and countries have been fought to win land and resources from one another. What are some of the main reasons why a group is able to win a war over another group? Bullet point some ideas. One idea might be:
– One group may have more money to fund the war than the other group.

TASK TWO: Why did the Parliamentarians win the war?

Look at the grid of factors below. The factors each explain why the Roundheads were able to beat the Cavaliers, bringing victory to the Parliamentarians.

a) Highlight the strengths of the Roundheads in one colour
b) Highlight the weaknesses of the Cavaliers in another colour.
c) Pick out the three most important factors that help explain why the Roundheads won the Civil War rather than the Cavaliers.

TASK THREE: Was victory for the Parliamentarians inevitable?

Look at the factors that you thought were the most important factors for the Parliamentarians winning the war – was it due to the successes of the Roundheads or the failures of the Cavaliers. This will help you answer this question.

Answer the question: Was Victory for the Parliamentarians inevitable?

Use the structure below to help you.

STRUCTURE:

Make your clear point: It could be seen that the Roundheads won the War through their strengths.
Back this up with strong evidence: This is true because… (Challenge: Try to use multiple pieces of evidence to make your argument even stronger.
Now explain why this was important: This shows that…

Make your clear point: It could be seen that the Cavaliers lost the War due to their weaknesses.
Back this up with strong evidence: This is true because… (Challenge: Try to use multiple pieces of evidence to make your argument even stronger.
Now explain why this was important: This shows that…

Conclusion.
Make your clear point: Overall, I believe the main reason why the Civil War was won was…
Explain why this argument is more convincing: This argument is more convincing because…

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