Why is Mary I known as ‘Bloody Mary’?

Edward VI died in 1553, leaving the Church of England very Protestant. Mary I took his place. Mary, a strict Catholic, wanted to turn the English Church back to Catholicism as quickly as possible. What changes did she make, and how successful was she?

You can download the worksheet here. If you are unable to download the worksheet, complete the questions in the yellow boxes as outlined below.

KEY WORDS:
Hinder = something that is going to hold you back, or stop you, from doing what you want to do.

STARTER:
Edward died in 1553, leaving his Catholic sister Mary to rule England. Edward had turned the Church in to a very Protestant Church during his reign, yet Mary was about to change that.
Look at the Church items below. Can you list which ones would have been preferred by Edward and which ones would have been preferred by Mary?
HINT: Think about which items are Protestant and which items are Catholic to decide.

TASK ONE: How easy would it be for Mary to change the Church back to Catholicism?

Read through the facts below on the state of the Church in England at the beginning of Mary’s reign. For each fact, think about if it will help Mary change the Church back to Catholicism, or if it will hinder (prevent) her from changing it back to Catholicism.

CHALLENGE: When looking at the facts above, overall, how easy do you think it would be for Mary to change the English Church back to Catholicism? Why?

TASK TWO: How did Mary try to change the Church back to Catholicism?

Read the timeline below on how Mary tried to change the Church back to Catholicism. For each part, tick the box to state if each one shows a completely successful change back to Catholicism, only a partial change back to Catholicism, or if Mary failed to make a change to the Church at all.

How did Mary try to change the English Church?

TASK THREE: What kind of change did Mary I make to the English Church?

Look at the key word box below…

Change and continuity – Key Word Box
Complete change = When everything changes completely.
Partial change = When some things change, but other things stay the same.
Dramatic change = When the change is very different to what came before.
Temporary change = When something changes, but only for a short while.
Immediate change = When something changes instantly.

Can you pick out two types of changes that Mary made to the English Church? You only need to write these as a couple of short sentences.

I think Mary made a ____ change to the English Church. This is because… (include evidence that you found in Task Two).
I also think Mary made a ____ change to the English Church. This is because… (include evidence that you found in Task Two).

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